Gonad maturation of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrahium rosenbergii at the bay of Padas River, Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia

Siti Nor Fatihah; Abdul Rahim Hassan; Nur Fadhilah; Muhd-Farouk Harman; Mhd Ikhwanuddin.

Transactions on Science and Technology, 9(4), 177 - 184.

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Giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrahium rosenbergii is a commercial species that is popular especially in Asian countries; Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia and others. Currently, there is a decline in M. rosenbergii due to dependency on natural resources and intensive reduction of M. rosenbergii. Thus, this study provides new information on the gonad maturation of M. rosenbergii especially in Padas River Bay, Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia. A total of 40 tails in M. rosenbergii (20 tails of male and 20 tails of female) were obtained from Kampung Inuman, Beaufort, Sabah. The gonads of M. rosenbergii were dissected out and the stages of gonad maturation were identified through the histological examination. The body length (BL), body weight (BW) and carapace length (CL) for male and female of M. rosenbergii were 16.90 ± 2.19 cm, 50.55 ± 47.83 g, 8.14 ± 1.84 cm, 14.97 ± 2.22 cm, 27.14 ± 23.04 g and 6.55 ± 1.68 cm. There were five gonad maturation stages recognized comprised of 40% male and 30% female categorized in immature stage (stage I and II) while 60% male and 70% female were in matured stage (stage III, IV and V). In addition, gonadosomatic index (GSI) was not significant for male, while it was significant for female. In conclusion, five maturation stages were found at the Bay of Padas River Beaufort, Sabah and the giant freshwater prawn can reproduce more than once in their life cycle as well as their reproduction occurs throughout the year.

KEYWORDS: Gonad maturation, Macrobrahium rosenbergii, maturation stages, gonad weight, Gonadosomatic Index (GSI)

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