Preliminary Study of Bird Species Composition in Kawang Forest Reserve (KFR), Papar, Sabah

Nurliza Hasmat, Wing-Shen Lim, Andy Russel Mojiol

Transactions on Science and Technology, 7(3), 108 - 112.

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Birds have their own importance in ecosystem such as it can help to maintain the sustainable population levels of their prey and predator, it also important for plant reproduction as pollinators. The preliminary study about bird species composition was conducted in Kawang Forest Reserve, Papar in August 2019. The main objective of this study were to determine bird species according to its conservation status and comparing bird composition with respect to its family by using the mist-net method. This survey was conducted around 5 days started from 27th August to 31st August 2020 and used 2 different areas which were the installment of 4 mist-net on near the river and the rest 4 mist-net on the ridges. The results showed that 39 individuals with 19 different species that belong to 9 different families had been found in the areas. The Emerald Dove (Chalpcaphaps indica) species were high number of individual founded while Bulbul species from Pycnonotidae family were high species founded in KFR.

KEYWORDS: Kawang Forest Reserve; Bird Species; Mist-net Method; Species Composition; Conservation Status

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